Vascular and arterio-venous malformations (AVM)
Space-occupying vascular malformations covers a large, diverse group of different malformations and tumours. They should be treated if patients develop symptoms from them. The reasons for treatment are summarised in the table below. Absolute indications include those in which treatment is urgently required. Relative indications include those in which the desired benefits and potential risks should be weighed against each other.
Absolute and relative indications for treatment of malformations
|Absolute indications||Relative indications|
The following treatment options are available:
- Surgical resection
- Laser coagulation
- and manual compression